Cyberpunk (a portmanteau of cybernetics and punk) is a sub-genre of science fiction which focuses on computers or information technology. The plot of cyberpunk literature often revolves around the conflict between hackers, artificial intelligences, and megacorps. It is the result of a self-correction in the science fiction genre, which classically had ignored the importance of information technology.

Cyberpunk writers tend to use elements from the hard-boiled detective novel, film noir, Japanese anime, and post-modernist prose to describe the nihilistic, underground side of the digital society which started to evolve in the last two decades of the twentieth century. Cyberpunk’s dystopian world has been called the antithesis of the mid-twentieth century’s utopian science fiction visions, as typified by Star Trek. (via Wikipedia)

I always thought the terminology cyberpunk also referred to the common appearance of subculture characters who have modified their appearance in socially potentially unacceptable ways using technology.

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